Bare root, bush or climber, not all roses follow the same planting rules. Follow the guide!
Bare-root or wrapped in peat, roses must have healthy, smooth and, above all, unwrinkled branches. If you defer planting, keep it in a sheltered area away from the wind and sun, and refresh the peat mound regularly.
Where to put your rosebush?
To choose the ideal place, take into account its size at an adult age. These plants fear confined spaces, which can lead to disease and insect attacks. The first year of plantation, and in case of strong heat the following years, pour the contents of a good watering can at the foot, every week from April until October. It is vital!
BEWARE of thorny successions
Planting young roses in place of older ones is a risky operation. If you plant another variety in the same place, change the soil to a depth and width of 40 to 50 cm, as it may contain disease spores, eggs or parasite larvae.
This operation remains tedious and not always effective, because it happens that the roots colonize a larger surface. It is better to grow other plants, shrubs and perennials for several years. It takes five years for the soil to cleanse itself of pests and diseases. Apply compost and organic fertilizers to the replacement plants to renew soil fertility. After this time, install the new roses in locations that are staggered from the old plants.
Choose varieties that are known to be disease resistant. Apply specific fertilizers to strengthen the bushes.
Make sure your rosebushes are in a sunny spot.
TAKE CARE OF YOUR ROSEBUSH:
FREE THE ROOTS
You have just bought a rose bush whose roots are trapped in a bag of peat so that they do not dry out. Take the rose out of the bag, shake it to remove the peat and expose the roots. Then proceed as for a bare-root rose, following the steps below.
Slightly cool the roots by cutting them off a few centimeters and dipping them into a container filled with praline: a thick slurry of soil, water and manure, or store-bought praline. This nourishes the roots and prevents them from drying out later.
MAKE A HOLE
Remember to loosen the soil at the bottom of the hole. While the rosebush is in the praline, prepare the soil: dig a 40 cm hole in all directions, taking care to remove stones and grass roots. Decompact the bottom. Add compost to the extracted soil and mix carefully.
PRUNE THE BRANCHES
Keep only 3 or 4 well-balanced branches for bushes, 2 or 3 for climbers and shrubs. Shorten them to 10 cm from the grafting point for a better recovery, even if they are rather vigorous.
PUT IN THE GROUND
Position the rosebush, spread the roots well. Fill in the soil by burying the collar up to the grafting point (which must remain in the air). Finish by bringing good garden soil around the plant. Pack well. Water abundantly.
AND THE CLIMBING ROSE?
Dig 30 cm from the support. Plant by tilting the root ball towards the support. Guide the branches little by little to support them, bending them as much as possible, as they flower best when they grow horizontally.